“It’s so much fun, it’s dressed up and festive. It’s a celebration!”
This isn’t a description of a typical Swedish midsummar festival (though it could definitely apply) but of the traditional Swedish folk art painting, called kurbits.
After a lifetime of making art of all kinds, BJ Wagner especially loves painting folk art, a passion that began at a young age when her grandfather brought her family a Dala horse from Sweden. When she started painting in the Norwegian rosemaling style, “the Swedish side of the family pulled out all these posters in the Swedish kurbits style,” she said. It was the first time Wagner had heard of it. She was thrilled and inspired.
"What distinguishes Swedish kurbits from Norwegian rosemaling is mainly the flowers. In rosemaling, the flowers are distinguishable, but in kurbits, the flowers are more unique and creative, and they often include ribbons." She is also drawn to all the color in kurbits, making it cheerful and a joy to paint. "I think the Swedish art is more fun, it has rhythm, and characters liven it up."

Murals a favorite
Wagner is currently working on a kurbits mural, her favorite thing to paint, in which characters tell the story of a farmer bringing a cow to town. "All the traditional kurbits paintings tell stories. There are often people in them, dressed up and festive, celebrating an occasion such as a wedding, playing music and dancing."
The name kurbits comes from the Bible story in which God offers Jonah a large “cucurbita,” or gourd (eucurbitam), to protect him from the hot sun in the desert. Swedish writer Erik Axel Karlfeldt referenced it in his poem "Hösthorn" in 1927, because the shapes in these painting were reminiscent of the gourds, also thought of as cucumbers, effectively naming the art style that had already been prevalent in central Sweden for a century. It was most popular from 1720 to 1870, particularly in Dalarna. Today, many artists in Sweden are still actively painting in the kurbits style and it remains a very strong trademark, used by companies showing products of Dalarna, like Dalahorses, clogs, welcome signs and more.


Using letters c and s for the special brush strokes
Wagner took classes to learn the very special brush strokes required for the particular technique in kurbits painting. The brush strokes — all variations on circles and the letters c and s — have been important in her understanding of folk painting, and in learning the freedom that comes when inspiration hits. “We were inspired by other artists' flowers before us but were encouraged to create our own style of flowers and designs, to never copy another flower. It’s always been that way — and that’s why there are so many kinds of flowers and images in kurbits paintings. You might find the same flower repeated by an artist because sometimes it has become that artist's trademark."
Wagner is semi-retired now, but one thing she continues to do is paint folk art — and Swedish kurbits, whenever she can. Her work is available online and in the upper Midwest, but what she wants most do is paint a kurbits kitchen. “I love to be 10- or 20-feet up in the air! I would go anywhere in the U.S. (or Sweden!) to paint a kurbits kitchen. Furniture, too.”
What are you waiting for? Find her at www.swedishkurbits.com

Amanda Robison